Taken from our Torah Parashat for today, Vayigash (and he drew near), Bereshis 44:18-47:27

1 And Yosĕph was unable to restrain himself before all those who stood by him, and he called out, “Have everyone go out from me!” So no one stood with him while Yosĕph made himself known to his brothers. 2 And he wept aloud, and the Mitsrites and the house of Pharaoh heard it. [Gen 43:30]; 3 And Yosĕph said to his brothers, “I am Yosĕph, is my father still alive?” But his brothers were unable to answer him, for they trembled before him.
4 Then Yosĕph said to his brothers, “Please come near to me.” And when they came near, he said, “I am Yosĕph your brother, whom you sold into Mitsrayim. Gen 37:28; Ps 105:17; Acts 7:9; Acts 7:13; 5 “And now, do not be grieved nor displeased with yourselves because you sold me here, for Elohim sent me before you to preserve life. Gen 50:19-21; [Gen 50:19]; [Ps 105:17]; 6 “For two years now the scarcity of food has been in the land, and there are still five years in which there is neither ploughing nor harvesting. [Gen 41:54];
7 “And Elohim sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant in the earth, and to give life to you by a great escape. 8 “So then, you did not send me here, but Elohim…” Bereshis 45:1-8 TS 2009

Just as the Kingdom of Yisra’el is seen through the tribes of Yahudah and Yoseph (Ephraim), so HaMashiyach may be seen as ben Yoseph, the suffering servant, and Mashiyach ben David, the conquering King that unites and delivers kol Yisra’el from all her enemies roundabout.

When He returns with His host, in clouds of glory as our Great Deliverer and Kinsman Redeemer, He will then be known to us as Mashiyach ben David. He will then fulfill the type foreshadowed by Yoseph, who stood before his brothers and identified himself to them as the one they had once so mercilessly hated and rejected. They, in utter amazement and the full realization of all the events that had brought them to this point, including their individual and corporate sin; with unspeakable joy were welcomed into his open arms. This beautiful scene will be repeated in the near future when all twelve are welcomed back as one to be echad with Him. So it is with great anticipation that we look forward to the time to come that is often referred to as “in that day”:
10 And in that day there shall be a Root of Yishai, standing as a banner to the people. Unto Him the nations shall seek, and His rest shall be esteem. [Rom 15:12]; [Rev 5:5]; [Rev 22:16]; 11 And it shall be in that day that יהוה sets His hand again a second time to recover the remnant of His people who are left, from Ashshur and from Mitsrayim, from Pathros and from Kush, from Ěylam and from Shin‛ar, from Ḥamath and from the islands of the sea. 12 And He shall raise a banner for the nations, and gather the outcasts of Yisra’ĕl, and assemble the dispersed of Yehuḏah from the four corners of the earth. Yeshayah (Is.) 11:10:12 TS 2009
HalleluYah to Him who is our banner, who gathers “…the outcasts of Yisra’el, and assembles the dispersed of Yehudah from the four corners of the earth”. Truly that will be a day greater than the day of our deliverance from Mitsrayim! I pray that I, along with each of you, will be there for this awesome and amazing reunion to take place in His Righteous Arms of mercy and forgiveness! HalleluYah!
Shabbat Shalom Kol Yisra’el!

A Rebuttal To “Jesus, Yeshua or Yahshua? as presented by Tuvia Pollack in ‘Kahila News Israel’ 11/10/19

Amen and Shabbat Shalom! Hebrew is the Lashon Kadosh (holy tongue) so we might as well learn it now; not only to prepare for His Kingdom of Righteousness to come, but to better understand the D’var HaYHWH (B’H) now.

Mr. Pollack, I must take issue with you on a few things that you have written. Yehoshua is the Hebrew Name of our Messiah, which in His day was spoken in the lingua franca of the common people of Yisra’el as Yeshua/Y’shua, which was Aramaic, a sister language of Hebrew.

At this point in the History of Yisra’el, there existed amongst those who observed Torah, general hatred of anything coming from the Seleucid Empire, including their writings, language, and other Jews who had adopted their ‘Hellenistic’ lifestyle and beliefs. It seems as if Antiochus IV Epiphanes had done some very evil things to those who would not, and did not, ‘bend the knee’ and convert to his pagan ideas of worship and Deity.

To stand for the El of Yisra’el, His Torah, and the faith of the Patriarchs as did Judah Ben Maccabee and his followers in their own land meant at best, a quick but certain death at the hands of the Seleucids or the Hellenists. These events and the reciprocal animosity and resentment of all things Seleucidian can be tied to the rejection of The Septuagint as produced by the Hellenists of Alexandria some years earlier, by those of the Torah Observant in Judea, who accepted the Pentateuch only.

Fast forward just a few years later to the time of the Promised One, HaMashiyach Y’shua; and you will find His Talmidim (all Torah observant Jews themselves), as members of the hated Torah Observant Jewish Sect called HaNatsarene (Acts 24:5) following their Rabbi along the dusty trails of Judea, as He Himself taught them and others concerning ‘The Way’ of Salvation, straight from the Tanakh.

These were not ‘Christians’, and not even ‘early Christians’ as some would claim. They were first called this by the Gentiles at Antioch but never called themselves that. HaNatsarene were hated and viciously persecuted by both the corrupted Jewish Sect called P’rushim because of their faith in Y’shua as Elohim, and the new religion, for their faithful observance of Torah and many Jewish Traditions even though they followed Y’shua as Mashiyach. This, of course, included the 7th day Biblical Sabbath which was specifically outlawed by the ‘greatest’ Christen in History, and founder of that faith, Constantine; who called those of the Natsarene ‘Judaizing Christians’ for their continued observance of it.

Christianity had sprung up from the Jewish Hellenists and other pagans as the false religion that Sha’ul had warned about.

The faith which the Natsarene proclaimed of Messiah and Torah existed upon the map of history parallel to Judaism and Christianity up into the fourth century C.E. when they seemed to disappear off the face of the earth. There are some reports of them appearing sometime during the middle ages but then vanishing again. Nevertheless, there are many today attempting to restore that pure Torah Observant faith filled with the heart of Mashiyach but devoid of the teachings of man.

It is that faith of HaNatsarene that proclaims the antinomian, Westernized, Greco, Romanish one called J-sus a pagan imposter who falsely teaches that he has done away with obedience to the perfect Torah of liberty from sin and confusion; teaching pagan ‘holidays’ in lieu of the Holy Mo’edim (Appointed Times/Feasts of YHWH [B’H]). It is that faith of HaNatsarene that teaches Y’shua as the perfect living embodiment of Torah, and the Kinsman Redeemer for all who would follow him in loving obedience to the Restoration of The Yisra’el of YHWH (B’H)!


Palm fronds for Sukkot

Shabbat, October 19, 2019

Shabbat Shalom Mishpochah! Today, October 19, 2019, as you know is day 6 of Chag HaSukkot (Feast of Tabernacles) and our Torah reading is taken from Shemoth (Ex) 33:12-34:26; as well as Num. 29:26-31. Our reference for this Midrash is taken from Shemoth 34:1, as it is here we are given another brief insight into the character, and nature of HaKadosh Baruch Hu (The Holy One, Blessed be He), as relates to Moshe, and to us as ‘B’ney Yisra’el’ (The Children of Yisra’el).


And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Cut two tablets of stone like the first ones, and I shall write on these tablets the Words that were on the first tablets which you broke.


Remembering the reason the first set of tablets were destroyed (the incident of the golden calf), and the implications to us of the ‘broken Covenant’; we see Moshe pleading with Elohim on behalf of Kol Yisra’el as a type of our ‘Kohen Gadol’ (High Priest) Y’shua, who ministers untiringly before YHWH Tsva’ot 24/7 on the behalf of those who ‘love Him and keep His Commandments’ (Jn. 14:15).

The product of this intercessory action, was and is to allow Elohim to view His Chosen People through the purity of Him who stands for us by offering His perfect נֶפֶש ‘nephesh’ (life/soul, as found in His blood), for the imperfection of all those who choose daily to walk in His path of self-sacrificial obedience. However, we must remember that this walk of obedience must be as a product of our love for Him and His ‘unspeakable gift’. Anything less will be viewed as an unacceptable sacrifice that voids our part of His Covenant with us (thus making the entire Covenant void)! By offering ourselves to Him as the acceptable ‘daily sacrifice’, we reaffirm our part of the second set of Mitzvot (Commandments) of the Covenant. 

With all of this in mind, we read in our text that יהוה (B’H) commanded Moshe to cut “…two tablets of stone like the first ones” so that He could then “…write on these tablets the words that were on the first tablets WHICH YOU BROKE.” (my emphasis). Notice the chastisement of Moshe, hence Kol Yisra’el, that it was they, and not He, that caused the first set to be broken.

But why did יהוה (B’H) command him (Moshe) to cut two tablets out of stone like the first ones, when it would have been much easier for Elohim to both cut them out and write on them, all at once; or just to have spoken them into existence? Surely He did not require the effort of man to produce the two tablets of stone! Something else was going on here, something that speaks volumes as it teaches of His character and nature as relates to man.

The lesson for us here today, this Shabbat and 6th day of Chag HaSukkot through our reading of this text, is not only that יהוה (B’H) is patient and longsuffering with His chosen people, but that He requires our active participation in His Covenant of chesed (unmerited favor/mercy) and yeshua (salvation) for it to work to His honor and glory. He wants and expects our willing love for Him (He has given us the right and ability to chose who we will follow) to produce an active, Torah observant life that will testify of that love, justice, and mercy to all through the product (fruit) of our lives here on this earth.

May you be blessed in your Shabbat rest within the walls of your Sukkah today, as you provide the tablets of your heart for the writing of His Covenant.

Sukkot at The Wall









The Appointed Times Of YHWH, (B’H), and their prophetic understanding as seen through His Mikra Kadosh (Holy Rehearsals), or ‘Chagim’ (Feasts).



Wayyiqra (Lev.) 23:

 9 And יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying, 10 “Speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, and you shall say to them, ‘When you come into the land which I give you, and shall reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the first-fruits of your harvest to the priest. [Deut 26:2]; 11 ‘And he shall wave the sheaf before יהוה, for your acceptance. On the morrow after the Sabbath the priest waves it. 12 ‘And on that day when you wave the sheaf, you shall prepare a male lamb a year old, a perfect one, as an ascending offering to יהוה, 13 and its grain offering: two-tenths of an ĕphah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering made by fire to יהוה, a sweet fragrance, and its drink offering: one-fourth of a hin of wine. 14 ‘And you do not eat bread or roasted grain or fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your Elohim – a law forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 15 ‘And from the morrow after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, you shall count for yourselves: seven completed Sabbaths. Deut 16:9; [Acts 2:1]; 16 ‘Until the morrow after the seventh Sabbath you count fifty days, then you shall bring a new grain offering to יהוה. 17 ‘Bring from your dwellings for a wave offering two loaves of bread, of two-tenths of an ĕphah of fine flour they are, baked with leaven, first-fruits to יהוה. [Neh 10:37]; 18 ‘And besides the bread, you shall bring seven lambs a year old, perfect ones, and one young bull and two rams. They are an ascending offering to יהוה, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering made by fire for a sweet fragrance to יהוה. 19 ‘And you shall offer one male goat as a sin offering, and two male lambs a year old, as a slaughter of peace offerings. 20 ‘And the priest shall wave them, besides the bread of the first-fruits, as a wave offering before יהוה, besides the two lambs. They are set-apart to יהוה for the priest. 21 ‘And on this same day you shall proclaim a set-apart gathering for yourselves, you do no servile work on it – a law forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations. 22 ‘And when you reap the harvest of your land do not completely reap the corners of your field when you reap, and do not gather any gleaning from your harvest. Leave them for the poor and for the stranger. I am יהוה your Elohim.’    TS2009

A few thought questions for you (please feel free to send your questions and/or comments to us anytime!)

  1. Why should we actively participate in the count of the days, beginning on the day of the WAVE SHEAF and extending out to the final day of SHAVUOT itself?
  2. How do the numbers and their multiples of 7, 10, 49, and 50 factor into this, and why?
  3. What is the Hebraic significance of these numbers and their multiples?
  4. Is there another significant period of time outlined in Torah that incorporates the same sequence of the numbers 7, 10, 49, and 50 and/or their multiples? If so, do you believe it’s just by chance, or is it intentional? If so why?



Parashat ha-Shavua (The Weekly Torah Portion)







Moshe enters the Ohel Mo’ed (tent of meeting) to receive instruction from YHWH Y’shuati[1] on the ways in which the people can approach Him, and exist in His Perfect Presence. Remembering that He is ‘clean’ (in the sense that no sin is to be found in Him), and that we are ‘unclean’ (in the sense that we are born into sin); a provision of some kind must be made for us to cross this great divide that makes Him immortal, and us, but mere mortals.

A plan, which has existed prior to creation, was put into place in the event we should fall, providing a means to make us clean so that He could meet with us, and us with Him. Even though we might be the lowest of the low, a sinner of sinners, that even though our sins would be of scarlet, they could be made as white as snow (Yeshayah 1:18).

So one of those ways provided for each and every Yisra’elite to meet with his creator, to ascend to His presence, is to offer the Olah (ascent offering). This offering must be presented at the door of the Tent (His House) and assigned as a sacred offering by the ‘laying on of hands’ (s’michah), slaughtered, and finally the flames and smoke of the Olah allowed to ‘ascend’ heavenward to Elohim.

Do we who live today, think it a light thing to come into His presence? Can we stop between customers or tasks we perform on a daily basis and ‘send-up a quick prayer’ to satisfy this means of connection as offered to us through the Olah? No, I think not. We can send up a quick prayer or stay in prayer throughout our day, but the ‘Olah’, ‘Ascent Offering’ requires us to bring it to the door of His ‘Tent’, to present it as worthy by the laying on of hands, so even our daily routine, however high and exalted we may think it to be, must be made secondary now in our answer to His call to ‘ascend’.

This requirement causes us to seek humility in Him as we come closer to His Presence. As we come, we may ask, where is my offering? I have no goat, no sheep, not even a bird to offer my King. Then His Ruach, through the Spirit Wind that carries Him over the face of the earth, enters through our mind and heart while causing us to realize within a split second that we are the offering He seeks. Nothing holding us back, we come to His Holy Altar and offer ourselves to Him as the Olah, the daily ‘Ascent’ offering so that we may meet with Him outside of our sinful nature.

Friend, this is meant to be a ‘deep calling to deep experience’. It should never be done in a rushed, hurried manner. Do you have an altar in your home, your dwelling place, or your place of business? Wherever or whatever that is doesn’t matter. It can be in the smallest space available, or to include your entire home! It can be in your closet or your kitchen, but it needs to be a place that you can ‘set-apart’ just for the purpose of meeting with Avinu, a place where you meet with Him on a regular basis. You can have nothing except you and His Ruach there, or you may have the most elaborate of spaces with a menorah, candles, Torah, etc. for family worship. Whatever it is, it is a space in your home, which will become a space similar to your heart within you. It will be there for special times of worship and prayer, to include times such as when you come before the Adon (Master) of this world, offering yourself to Him daily in the experience of the Olah, the ascent offering.

Is this necessary you ask? You see in most cases today we just want the ‘drive-up’ window because we don’t have time for anything else. Ask yourself please, just how important is your faith to you? Is it the reason for you to live and breath, or is it just a category of thought that you have managed to ‘eek out’ a small plot for whenever you have the time? This is serious business folks that requires much more than that of us. We must take Him, His Torah and all that means into us so that it is above everything in our lives; above our family, our jobs, our social commitments, and yes; even our own selfish ‘needs’.

He wants each of us to be echad ‘one’ with Him in all things, just as The Greater and Lessor are echad with each other, so we need to become that ‘ascent offering’ the Olah as He calls to us ‘Come Near’, ascend unto me!

Elohim, HaKadosh Baruch Hu, The Mighty One, the Holy One, Blessed Be He. Consider and accept my humble offering to you I pray and do with it what you wish. I surrender myself to you Melech HaMalechim. As an ‘ascent offering,’ I humble myself, bringing myself low so as to rise and meet you; heart to heart, face to face on your altar as your servant. Lay Heavenly hands on me Father as I rededicate myself to meet with you in this manner, as the entirety of myself, dedicated to your service on this your set-apart alter. Amen!


Shabbat Shalom


[1] YHWH Our Salvation. Referred to in the Ancient Aramaic Targum Johnathan as “YHWH the Lessor”. It was through Him that all things were created, and in the end it will be through Him that all who ‘take hold’, and follow Him who walked with us as a Torah observant Jewish man, who was called Yehoshua, or Y’shua; will be saved from eternal death into the glorious truth, and light, of His eternal Kingdom, forever! Baruch HaShem of Him who gave us His Torah of Freedom and Redemption!



Have you noticed an increased level of personal attack upon fellow believers lately? I’ve noticed that it appears in the individual as a form of negativity, which if left unchecked, grows to a deep depression that seems to attract others upon the way. This ‘depression’ is not only bad for the individual affected, but for the spiritual body as well and needs to be checked as soon as possible to minimize ‘collateral damage’.

If I were to sit above my social media feed and look down upon all the different activity going on here and there, I would be able to pick out at least two very large ‘pity parties’ going on, with one growing to epic proportions! And this is among believers that are not new to the faith!

Now I am not a psychologist, but I do know enough about our faith to recognize most traps that our enemy has in his arsenal, and depression is one that he frequently uses to discourage those who ‘love Him and keep His Commandments’.

Look back to your faith during those times. Look at our father Abraham in this last weeks Torah Parashah, who after being circumcised set in the door of his tent during the hottest part of the day looking for a passerby that he might entertain and provided for!

It would have been so easy just to lay back in the physical pain he must have been suffering, and just say “if anyone knocks on the door, I’m not home!” It would have been easy for him to say “oh look at me, such a wretched man who can’t do what he wants to do. Feel sorry for me!” But what did he do? He RAN to greet the strangers, and Ran to select an animal from his herd for their meal!

Now if Abraham could do that in the midst of a problem that could easily cause anyone to be depressed, what can we do who now have all these lessons of a Living Torah before us to draw from?

It would seem that the solution to our problem of depression lies outside of ourselves. It would seem that the example given to us by Abraham would be to sit in the door of your tent and look for someone you can welcome and provide for, thus alleviating two problems at once!

Our Heavenly Father loves us, and knows our every sorrow, doubt, and pain; but in that love, He gives us an obvious way to help ourselves, and that is through helping others! So, get up and get busy. Let’s see, who can I help today, tomorrow, the day after?



Of late, I’ve been seeing more posts than ever concerning “The Rapture”. People want to know when is it going to take place? I might be wrong, but I don’t see any reference in the bible to the return of Mashiyach ‘In That Day’, as some kind of ‘Rapture’.

The commonly used texts to support this ‘theory’ of a ‘rapture’ instead of a resurrection as taught by the P’rushim (Pharisees of Y’shuas time) and the sect of Judaism called HaNatsarene; can be found in Mat. 24:40 and Lk. 17:36. I have always looked upon these texts to mean that not everyone is going to make it into the Kingdom, then someone came along and tried to explain to me just how those two texts form the foundational principal of, and belief in, “The Rapture”. My first thought at that time, as it continues to be to this day, is that someone with quite an imagination, inspired by an ‘unfamiliar spirit’, had to make a gigantic stretch to get from here, to there!

I find no supporting evidence in the Bible, or within the history and teachings of Judaism, that shows a belief in some kind of ‘rapture’, instead of a resurrection. This adds support to the understanding that this theory is a creation of 19th century Christianity.

The deliverance of B’ney Yisra’el, The Children of Yisra’el, from the bondage of slavery of Egypt, into The Promised Land, has been the predominate shadow picture and example of our corporate transformation from the mortal, to the immortal. The picture painted for us is one of the Yisra’el of YHVH, the seed of Abraham and those who have been adopted into the family of Elohim, who as a group and at one time ‘cross over’ into the Heavenly Kingdom (The Promised Land). Never do we see Yisra’el separated into two groups at a time repeatedly referred to in Scripture as ‘In That Day’, with some crossing over but others left behind where they receive a second chance for redemption at the end of a seven-year period called ‘the tribulation’!

Also, I’ve noticed a change in the title of this ‘man-made’ concept. As I recall, it was once commonly referred to as “THE SECRET RAPTURE”. Would anyone care to bring me up to speed on this, like, when did this change occur and why is it no longer a secret?

In conclusion, without being rooted in the firm foundation of the Tanakh, and specifically Torah, we can find ourselves adrift in a turbulent sea of man-made theories and conclusions based upon the circular reasoning of a primarily New Testament only Biblical view. This view forms the foundation of the theory called the ‘ (Secret) Rapture’. This existing theory is completely at odds with the Scriptural foundation of a Resurrection as taught prior too, during, and after the first advent of Y’shua HaMashiyach.




He who dwells in the secret place of the Most High, Who abides under the shadow of the Almighty, He is saying of יהוה, “My refuge and my stronghold, My Elohim, in whom I trust!” For He delivers you from the snare of a trapper, From the destructive pestilence. He covers you with His feathers, And under His wings you take refuge; His truth is a shield and armour. You are not afraid of the dread by night, Of the arrow that flies by day, Of the pestilence that walks in darkness, Of destruction that ravages at midday. A thousand fall at your side, And ten thousand at your right hand; But it does not come near you. Only with your eyes you look on, And see the reward of the wrong ones. Because you have made יהוה – My refuge, the Most High – your dwelling place, No evil befalls you, And a plague does not come near your tent; For He commands His messengers concerning you, To guard you in all your ways. They bear you up in their hands, Lest you dash your foot against a stone. You tread upon lion and cobra, Young lion and serpent you trample under foot.“Because he cleaves to Me in love, Therefore I deliver him; I set him on high, Because he has known My Name.“When he calls on Me, I answer him; I am with him in distress; I deliver him and esteem him.“With long life I satisfy him, And show him My deliverance.”  Tehillim 91 (TS2009)

Today, I present you with this prayer and message. Be strong in all adversity through perseverance in His Truth. It is that perseverance that will transport you to “…the secret place of the Most High…”, and cause you to “… abide(s) under the shadow of the Almighty…”.

Shabbat is an island of time for us as followers of Y’shua, as it was with the Natsarenes of ancient times; and the enemy knows that. He (the enemy) will utilize every weapon in his arsenal during this twenty-four hour period, more so than any other day of the week, to penetrate your defenses.

Do not think for one minute that you have the power to resist him, or that he will somehow leave you unmolested on This Holy Day! He is a master of lies and deceptions, and he has had thousands of years perfecting his destructive art. However, all Praise Be to His Glorius Name, our power comes from the spiritual connections we have made with the Giver of Truth, who is also our Mighty El of war; our Commander, who is our only way of deliverance!

Those spiritual connections we must have to come into His Shabbat Rest do not begin and end on the Seventh Day, they begin each day of the week prior to Shabbat! We gather our strength each day and when Shabbat arrives, that strength is multiplied through that connection which in turn multiplies upon itself week after week and Shabbat after Shabbat as we are becoming ‘one new man’.

Our Shabbat Rest is realized through our arrival at “…the secret place of the Most High…”, wherein we are given as a reward; our deliverance “…from the snare of a trapper, From the destructive pestilence.”

For your encouragement today, and spiritual protection, I pray that you would read and pray with me, as one body, Tehillim 91. Meditate upon each word, each sentence; as you ask of Him who Is Our Armour to make you strong for the battle!


Aronic Blessing


THE PATH הנתיב


Rethinking the Pesach Chronology


The Timing of Pesach and Unleavened Bread

The views presented here are based on my belief’s as a Netzarim Yahudim, or Nazorean Jew, and are presented to you for consideration, as part of the ongoing effort to restore the faith as it was during the first century of the common era. In order for us to accomplish that, we must unlearn many false teachings that we have inherited over centuries and millennia. As we do so we will be peeling back the many layers of the proverbial ‘onion’ to arrive at the Truths that have been covered by lies, deceptions, misrepresentation, pore or biased translations, lack of Hebraic Understanding, and a general unwillingness to depart from teachings that have lulled us into a deep spiritual sleep! Confusion abounds on the timing of the actual days of Pesach and Unleavened Bread, which is a hallmark of the great deceiver himself. Much of this is due to a lack of Hebraic and Historical Understanding of how Pesach and U.B. were combined by the P’rushim during the Babylonian Captivity, which resulted in Pesach being called a Shabbat. This confusion was compounded by the early translations of the Writings of The Netzarim by those who accepted the views of the P’rushim without knowledge of the many ways in which they had corrupted the straightforward teaching of HaTorah!

The Timing of Pesach and Chag HaMatzot or Feast of Unleavened Bread (U.B.)


Shemoth (Ex) 12:6 ‘And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same new moon. Then all the assembly of the congregation of Yisra’ĕl shall slay it between the evenings.

Wayyiqra (Lv) 23:5 ‘In the first new moon, on the fourteenth day of the new moon, between the evenings, is the Pĕsaḥ to יהוה.

Bamidbar (Numbers) 9:2-3 “Now, let the children of Yisra’ĕl perform the Pĕsaḥ at its appointed time. “On the fourteenth day of this new moon, between the evenings, perform it at its appointed time. According to all its laws and right-rulings you perform it.”

Bamidbar 28:16 And in the first new moon, on the fourteenth day, is the Pĕsaḥ of יהוה,

Yehoshua (Joshua) 5:10 And the children of Yisra’ĕl camped in Gilgal, and performed the Pĕsaḥ on the fourteenth day of the new moon at evening on the desert plains of Yeriḥo.

B’ney Yisra’el were told to slay the Pesach on the 14th day of the first Biblical Month (Abib) “between the evenings’. If anyone could not observe Pesach on the 14th day of the First Month, then he was to observe it on the 14th day of the Second Month. If that man was not able to honor the Pesach of the First Month and failed to honor it on the second month as prescribed, then he would face dire consequences:

Bamidbar 9:10-13 “Speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, saying, ‘When any male of you or your generations is unclean for a being, or is far away on a journey, he shall still perform the Pĕsaḥ of יהוה. On the fourteenth day of the second new moon, between the evenings, they perform it – with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they eat it. They do not leave of it until morning, and they do not break a bone of it. According to all the laws of the Pĕsaḥ they perform it. But the man who is clean and is not on a journey, and has failed to perform the Pĕsaḥ, that same being shall be cut off from among his people, because he did not bring the offering of יהוה at its appointed time – that man bears his sin.


Shemoth 23:15 “Guard the Festival of Matzot. Seven days you eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the new moon of Aḇiḇ – for in it you came out of Mitsrayim – and do not appear before Me empty-handed;

Shemoth 12:18-19 ‘In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the new moon, in the evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the new moon in the evening.[1] ‘For seven days no leaven is to be found in your houses, for if anyone eats what is leavened, that same being shall be cut off from the congregation of Yisra’ĕl, whether sojourner or native of the land.

Debarim (Dt) 16:3 “Eat no leavened bread with it. For seven days you eat unleavened bread with it, bread of affliction, because you came out of the land of Mitsrayim in haste – so that you remember the day in which you came out of the land of Mitsrayim, all the days of your life

Two Separate Mo’edim Separated by Twenty-Four Hours

Pesach and the first day of Unleavened Bread, are two separate 24hr days, and back to back, separate Mo’edim. Now, for those who would say that the Lamb was to be sacrificed at the end of the fourteenth of Abib, which would run the Pesach into U.B. on the fifteenth, I would ask that you consider two things:

Biblical ‘days’ begin at sundown and run sundown to sundown. So in Hebraic Thought; ‘night’, the period of time when there is no light, precedes the ‘day’, and as such is the beginning of that ‘day’.  So a particular day, in this case, we’ll say the 14th of Abib, begins prior to the darkness of night (called ‘evening’) of the day before, or the 13th of Abib, and runs for twenty-four hours to the end of the ‘day’ of the 14th, to the evening between the 14th and 15th of Abib, which is the beginning of the 15th etc.

This time between the two days is called ‘bein arbayim’, or ‘Between The Two Evenings’[2]. Y’shua, who is Emanu’el (El who is with us), went to the tree of His execution during the late hours of the 13th as it merged with the 14th of Abib, Ben Ha’arbaim (between the two evenings) at the beginning of the 14th, and not the end, which would place Pesach at the same time as U.B. on the 15th.


[1] Note: As this text points out, U.B. is eaten for eight days which would include Pesach on Abib 14 and U.B. Beginning on Abib 15 to the 21st.

[2] Hebrew, bein arbayim, an expression which according to the Pharisees means: between the decline of the sun immediately after midday and sunset, that is approximately 3 pm. In the afternoon – but according to the Sadducees means between sunset and dark, i.e. twilight.



The Spring Feasts/Season of Pesach (Passover)


Begining with Pesach (Passover), The Spring Feasts, which are often referred to as “The Season of Pesach”, begin with the agricultural and astronomical determination of the First day of the first month of the Biblical Calander, which is called “Abib”; and concludes with Chag HaShavuot (Feast of Weeks/Pentecost). These Mo’edim (Times appointed by our Creator) are, Chag HaPesach, Chag HaMotzi, Yom HaBikkurim, and Chag HaShavuot.

  • ABIB 1. Although preparations for the season of Pesach began at least a month earlier in ancient times, it officially begins with the determination that the heads of the Spring barely crop have ripened (when they have become ‘abib’);  in conjunction with the sighting of the first phase of a new moon after the twelveth Biblical Month. This observation (which is made in Eretz Yisra’el / The Land of Yisra’el), results in the proclamation of Rosh Chodesh Abib (the head, or beginning of), the first Biblical Month.
  • ABIB 10. A lamb of the first year is selected for the offering. In Biblical times, the yearling was taken home and kept with the family for four days.
  • Abib 14. Chag HaPesach. At the conclusion of four nights and days (Biblical days begin the evening/night before), between the evenings (Beyn Ha’arbaim) of the 13th and the 14th, and the conclusion of four days; the lamb is slain. The day of Pesach is not a Shabbat, as is the following day, which is the first day of the seven-day feast of Unleavened Bread.
  • Abib 15. Chag HaMotzi (The Feast of Unleavened Bread) begins at the end of the 14th, as it merges with the 15th. It is a seven-day festival that concludes on the 21st of Abib. The first day and the last day of this Feast, are Shabbats.
  • YOM HaBIKKURIM (The Day of First Fruits/The Wave Sheaf). During the week of Unleavened Bread, Yom HaBikkurim occurs on the first day of the week following the weekly Seventh Day Shabbat. The count of 50 days (7 Shabbats) to Shavuot (Pentecost), begins on that day.
  • Chag HaShavuot (Feast of Shavuot/Pentecost). A one-day celebration of the giving of Torah to Kol (All) Yisra’el in fire and smoke at Sinai and the Ruach HaElohim (The Spirit of The Mighty Ones/Spirit of Holiness) being poured out on those come ‘up to Y’rushalyim’ to celebrate the feast.


Suggested Discussion Topics:

 Determining Rosh Chodesh Abib

 AVIV 10 The Selection of The Lamb

Lamb must dwell with family four days


When does the evening of the 14th begin? At the end of the 13th as it becomes the 14th, or at the end of the 14th as it becomes the 15th which is Chag HaMotzi.

Circumcision of The Flesh (B’rit Milah), is it still a requirement to participate in the Pesach Sedar?

Preparation and Consumption of the offering

Blood on The Doorposts

Do Not Go Outside ‘Till Morning

The Gathering of Kol Yisra’el

The Departure

The Crossing

The Mikvah (Immersion) and Deliverance of Yisra’el

The Army of Paro (Pharo) destroyed


Leaving in haste

The search for and removal of leaven in the home. Are we still required to do so? Why?


First Fruits, The Wave Sheaf and The Ressurection of Y’shua. Did Y’shua resurrect on the 7th Day Shabbat or the 1st day of the week? When does the count to Shavuot (Pentecost) begin?


The symbolism of ‘The Wilderness’.

Three days (and nights) in the tomb


Elohim Appears in fire and smoke and speaks directly to Yisra’el

Yisra’el and Deliberate Sin

Preparations for Meeting With YHVH

Ratification of The Covenant


Why 50 days?

Giving of HaTorah at Har Sinai

Pouring Out The Ruach

Speaking in Tongues

3,000 Lost at Sinai, Restored to Yisra’el