THE PATH הנתיב


Rethinking the Pesach Chronology


The Timing of Pesach and Unleavened Bread

The views presented here are based on my belief’s as a Netzarim Yahudim, or Nazorean Jew, and are presented to you for consideration, as part of the ongoing effort to restore the faith as it was during the first century of the common era. In order for us to accomplish that, we must unlearn many false teachings that we have inherited over centuries and millennia. As we do so we will be peeling back the many layers of the proverbial ‘onion’ to arrive at the Truths that have been covered by lies, deceptions, misrepresentation, pore or biased translations, lack of Hebraic Understanding, and a general unwillingness to depart from teachings that have lulled us into a deep spiritual sleep! Confusion abounds on the timing of the actual days of Pesach and Unleavened Bread, which is a hallmark of the great deceiver himself. Much of this is due to a lack of Hebraic and Historical Understanding of how Pesach and U.B. were combined by the P’rushim during the Babylonian Captivity, which resulted in Pesach being called a Shabbat. This confusion was compounded by the early translations of the Writings of The Netzarim by those who accepted the views of the P’rushim without knowledge of the many ways in which they had corrupted the straightforward teaching of HaTorah!

The Timing of Pesach and Chag HaMatzot or Feast of Unleavened Bread (U.B.)


Shemoth (Ex) 12:6 ‘And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same new moon. Then all the assembly of the congregation of Yisra’ĕl shall slay it between the evenings.

Wayyiqra (Lv) 23:5 ‘In the first new moon, on the fourteenth day of the new moon, between the evenings, is the Pĕsaḥ to יהוה.

Bamidbar (Numbers) 9:2-3 “Now, let the children of Yisra’ĕl perform the Pĕsaḥ at its appointed time. “On the fourteenth day of this new moon, between the evenings, perform it at its appointed time. According to all its laws and right-rulings you perform it.”

Bamidbar 28:16 And in the first new moon, on the fourteenth day, is the Pĕsaḥ of יהוה,

Yehoshua (Joshua) 5:10 And the children of Yisra’ĕl camped in Gilgal, and performed the Pĕsaḥ on the fourteenth day of the new moon at evening on the desert plains of Yeriḥo.

B’ney Yisra’el were told to slay the Pesach on the 14th day of the first Biblical Month (Abib) “between the evenings’. If anyone could not observe Pesach on the 14th day of the First Month, then he was to observe it on the 14th day of the Second Month. If that man was not able to honor the Pesach of the First Month and failed to honor it on the second month as prescribed, then he would face dire consequences:

Bamidbar 9:10-13 “Speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, saying, ‘When any male of you or your generations is unclean for a being, or is far away on a journey, he shall still perform the Pĕsaḥ of יהוה. On the fourteenth day of the second new moon, between the evenings, they perform it – with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they eat it. They do not leave of it until morning, and they do not break a bone of it. According to all the laws of the Pĕsaḥ they perform it. But the man who is clean and is not on a journey, and has failed to perform the Pĕsaḥ, that same being shall be cut off from among his people, because he did not bring the offering of יהוה at its appointed time – that man bears his sin.


Shemoth 23:15 “Guard the Festival of Matzot. Seven days you eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the new moon of Aḇiḇ – for in it you came out of Mitsrayim – and do not appear before Me empty-handed;

Shemoth 12:18-19 ‘In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the new moon, in the evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the new moon in the evening.[1] ‘For seven days no leaven is to be found in your houses, for if anyone eats what is leavened, that same being shall be cut off from the congregation of Yisra’ĕl, whether sojourner or native of the land.

Debarim (Dt) 16:3 “Eat no leavened bread with it. For seven days you eat unleavened bread with it, bread of affliction, because you came out of the land of Mitsrayim in haste – so that you remember the day in which you came out of the land of Mitsrayim, all the days of your life

Two Separate Mo’edim Separated by Twenty-Four Hours

Pesach and the first day of Unleavened Bread, are two separate 24hr days, and back to back, separate Mo’edim. Now, for those who would say that the Lamb was to be sacrificed at the end of the fourteenth of Abib, which would run the Pesach into U.B. on the fifteenth, I would ask that you consider two things:

Biblical ‘days’ begin at sundown and run sundown to sundown. So in Hebraic Thought; ‘night’, the period of time when there is no light, precedes the ‘day’, and as such is the beginning of that ‘day’.  So a particular day, in this case, we’ll say the 14th of Abib, begins prior to the darkness of night (called ‘evening’) of the day before, or the 13th of Abib, and runs for twenty-four hours to the end of the ‘day’ of the 14th, to the evening between the 14th and 15th of Abib, which is the beginning of the 15th etc.

This time between the two days is called ‘bein arbayim’, or ‘Between The Two Evenings’[2]. Y’shua, who is Emanu’el (El who is with us), went to the tree of His execution during the late hours of the 13th as it merged with the 14th of Abib, Ben Ha’arbaim (between the two evenings) at the beginning of the 14th, and not the end, which would place Pesach at the same time as U.B. on the 15th.


[1] Note: As this text points out, U.B. is eaten for eight days which would include Pesach on Abib 14 and U.B. Beginning on Abib 15 to the 21st.

[2] Hebrew, bein arbayim, an expression which according to the Pharisees means: between the decline of the sun immediately after midday and sunset, that is approximately 3 pm. In the afternoon – but according to the Sadducees means between sunset and dark, i.e. twilight.