The Spring Feasts/Season of Pesach (Passover)
Begining with Pesach (Passover), The Spring Feasts, which are often referred to as “The Season of Pesach”, begin with the agricultural and astronomical determination of the First day of the first month of the Biblical Calander, which is called “Abib”; and concludes with Chag HaShavuot (Feast of Weeks/Pentecost). These Mo’edim (Times appointed by our Creator) are, Chag HaPesach, Chag HaMotzi, Yom HaBikkurim, and Chag HaShavuot.
- ABIB 1. Although preparations for the season of Pesach began at least a month earlier in ancient times, it officially begins with the determination that the heads of the Spring barely crop have ripened (when they have become ‘abib’); in conjunction with the sighting of the first phase of a new moon after the twelveth Biblical Month. This observation (which is made in Eretz Yisra’el / The Land of Yisra’el), results in the proclamation of Rosh Chodesh Abib (the head, or beginning of), the first Biblical Month.
- ABIB 10. A lamb of the first year is selected for the offering. In Biblical times, the yearling was taken home and kept with the family for four days.
- Abib 14. Chag HaPesach. At the conclusion of four nights and days (Biblical days begin the evening/night before), between the evenings (Beyn Ha’arbaim) of the 13th and the 14th, and the conclusion of four days; the lamb is slain. The day of Pesach is not a Shabbat, as is the following day, which is the first day of the seven-day feast of Unleavened Bread.
- Abib 15. Chag HaMotzi (The Feast of Unleavened Bread) begins at the end of the 14th, as it merges with the 15th. It is a seven-day festival that concludes on the 21st of Abib. The first day and the last day of this Feast, are Shabbats.
- YOM HaBIKKURIM (The Day of First Fruits/The Wave Sheaf). During the week of Unleavened Bread, Yom HaBikkurim occurs on the first day of the week following the weekly Seventh Day Shabbat. The count of 50 days (7 Shabbats) to Shavuot (Pentecost), begins on that day.
- Chag HaShavuot (Feast of Shavuot/Pentecost). A one-day celebration of the giving of Torah to Kol (All) Yisra’el in fire and smoke at Sinai and the Ruach HaElohim (The Spirit of The Mighty Ones/Spirit of Holiness) being poured out on those come ‘up to Y’rushalyim’ to celebrate the feast.
Suggested Discussion Topics:
Determining Rosh Chodesh Abib
AVIV 10 The Selection of The Lamb
Lamb must dwell with family four days
THE FIRST PESACH
When does the evening of the 14th begin? At the end of the 13th as it becomes the 14th, or at the end of the 14th as it becomes the 15th which is Chag HaMotzi.
Circumcision of The Flesh (B’rit Milah), is it still a requirement to participate in the Pesach Sedar?
Preparation and Consumption of the offering
Blood on The Doorposts
Do Not Go Outside ‘Till Morning
The Gathering of Kol Yisra’el
The Mikvah (Immersion) and Deliverance of Yisra’el
The Army of Paro (Pharo) destroyed
CHAG HA MOTZI
Leaving in haste
The search for and removal of leaven in the home. Are we still required to do so? Why?
First Fruits, The Wave Sheaf and The Ressurection of Y’shua. Did Y’shua resurrect on the 7th Day Shabbat or the 1st day of the week? When does the count to Shavuot (Pentecost) begin?
THREE DAYS IN THE WILDERNESS
The symbolism of ‘The Wilderness’.
Three days (and nights) in the tomb
GIVING OF HaTORAH
Elohim Appears in fire and smoke and speaks directly to Yisra’el
Yisra’el and Deliberate Sin
Preparations for Meeting With YHVH
Ratification of The Covenant
CHAG HA SHAVUOT/PENTECOST
Why 50 days?
Giving of HaTorah at Har Sinai
Pouring Out The Ruach
Speaking in Tongues
3,000 Lost at Sinai, Restored to Yisra’el